Development of TaqMan Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for Detection of Chicken Anemia Virus in Newcastle disease Vaccines

Document Type: Original Articles


Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran


Exogenous chicken anemia virus (CAV) has been detected in commercial poultry vaccines in various countries of the world. The presence of unwanted CAV in vaccines not only influences the epidemiology of chicken infectious anemia disease, but it may also lead to vaccine failure and confusing results when vaccine responses are monitored. To detect CAV in contaminated vaccines, nucleic acid testing, unlike conventional testing, has shorter processing time and does not require cell culture or live animals. The aim of this study was to develop a TaqMan Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to detect and quantify CAV in poultry vaccines and to investigate CAV contamination in Razi live Newcastle disease vaccines. The TaqMan Real-time PCR assay was set up, optimized and validated in successive experiments. A standard plasmid pUC-VP2 containing viral protein 2 of CAV was constructed and used in the assay for the generation of a standard curve to quantify CAV genomes. A clear linear correlation was observed between threshold cycle (Ct) values and plasmid copy numbers in the amplification plots of 10-fold serial dilution of the plasmid. Total DNA of three samples of each of four different Razi live Newcastle Disease vaccines including LaSota, B1, clone.12IR and Thermo Resistant strains were extracted and subjected to the Real-time PCR assay. No CAV contamination was detected in the Razi Live Newcastle vaccines. The developed TaqMan Real-time PCR assay provides a quick, specific and sensitive method which can be used for the detection of CAV in quality control testing of vaccines and in viral load studies.