Detection of Leishmania infantum infections in dog reservoirs by using a multiepitope recombinant protein (PQ10)

Document Type: Original Articles

Authors

1 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis is a neglected disease caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted via female sand flies. Canine visceral leishmaniasis diagnosis should be performed as soon as possible, even on the basis of only a few or even a single clinical sign, to enhance the prediction of disease and to avoid both dog and human transmission and unnecessary euthanasia of apparently positive dogs. In the present work, we examined whether PQ10 recombinant protein could be suitable for immunological detection of Leishmania infantum infection. The coding sequence of PQ10 recombinant protein was sub-cloned in pET28 expression vector and was commercially synthesized by GENERAY Biotechnology, China. In the following process, sequencing with proper primers was done and the expression, optimization of expression and protein purification were performed. The efficacy of PQ10 for serodiagnosis was evaluated with 100 serum samples collected from dogs living in the visceral leishmaniasis endemic areas of Iran. Samples (n=20) of the dogs with other infectious disease were also be collected. The synthesized colones verified by the sequencing with proper primers. In the following process, expression, optimization of expression and protein purification performed and the purified recombinant protein confirmed by western blot. The ELISA was performed with PQ10 recombinant protein. The sensitivity of ELISA that was evaluated with sera from naturally infected dogs was 94%. The specificity value of the ELISA determined with sera from healthy dogs and from dogs with other infectious diseases was 86%. The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) determined 87.03% and 93.47% respectively. Our findings indicated to the potential use of this recombinant protein in the diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis.

Keywords