The Fauna and Active Season of Mosquitoes in West of Fars Province, Southwest of Iran

Document Type: Short Communication


1 Communicable Disease Unit, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Research Centre for Health Sciences, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Research Centre for Health Sciences, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

5 4Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

6 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

7 5Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Culicidae are highly important for public health as they can be vectors of diseases and are responsible for a wide spectrum of infections. Five collection sites were selected randomly with regards to existing facilities in Firouzabad County. For collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes, sampling was carried out by dipping technique for collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes. A total of 689 adults and 1313 larvae of Culicidae were collected, of which 3 genera and 6 species of Culicidae were recognized, namely, Anopheles superpictus, Anopheles d’thali, Culex sinaiticus, Culex theileri, Culex mimeticus, and Culiseta longiareolata. Cx. theileri was the most frequent Culicidae collected at Firouzabad, with a total of 613 and 247 larval and adult specimens, respectively. The highest number of mosquitoes was collected in June (31.1%) and the lowest in May (3.4%). The mean temperatures in June and May were 31.3˚C and 28.2˚C, respectively. We found some vectors that are of medical and veterinary importance; our results could be applied in vector control programs that aim at eradication or control of mosquitoes in this area.


Main Subjects

Article Title [French]

La faune et la saison active des moustiques (Diptères: Culicidés) dans l'ouest de la province de Fars, sud-ouest de l'Iran

Abstract [French]

Les moustiques (Culicidés) sont les plus importants vecteurs de maladie parmi les arthropodes, ils sont responsables de nombreuses infections. cette étude a été réalisée entre les mois d’avril et septembre 2012. Cinq sites de collections ont été sélectionnés au hasard parmi les installations existantes dans la ville de Firouzabad. L'échantillonnage a été effectué à l’aide d’une technique de trempage pour la collecte des larves et « total catch » (total des captures) pour les moustiques adultes. Au total, 689 moustiques adultes et 1313 larves de Culicidés ont été recueillis, comprenant 3 genres et 6 espèces de Culcidés identifiés ; à savoir : Anopbutuperpictus, Anophelesdthali, Culexsitaiticus, Culextheileri, Culexmimeticus et Culisetalongiareolata. Cx. theileri était le moustique culicidé le plus fréquent à Firouzabad, avec un total de 613 et 247 spécimens de larves et de moustiques adultes respectivement collectés. Le nombre le plus élevé de moustiques a été recueilli en juin (31,1%) et le plus bas en mai (3,4%). Les températures moyennes durant les mois de juin et de mai étaient respectivement de 31,3°C et de 28,2 °C. Cette étude a démontré qu’il existaient parmi les moustiques collectés à Firouzabad, des vecteurs potentiels de maladies transmissibles à l’homme et à l’animal. Ces vecteurs sont plus actifs au cours des mois de juin et juillet.

Keywords [French]

  • Culicidés
  • Fréquence mensuelle
  • Fars
  • l'ouest de la province de Iran
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