Construction of a human recombinant polyclonal Fab fragment antibody library using peripheral blood lymphocytes of snake bitten victims


1 Department of Immunization and Plasma Production, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Venomous Animals and Antivenom Production, Razi vaccine and serum research institute, Karaj, Iran


Human snake bitten poisoning is a serious threat in many tropical and subtropical countries such as Iran. The best acceptable treatment of envenomated humans is antivenoms; however they have a series of economic and medical problems and need more improvements. In this study a combinatorial human immunoglobulin gene library against some of Iranian snakes venoms was constructed. Total RNA prepared from peripheral blood lymphocytes of two recovered snake victims. RT-PCR was used for cDNA synthesis and amplification of the heavy (Fd segment) and kappa light chains of IgG antibody. After digestion of the heavy chain with SpeI and XhoI and light chain with XbaI and SacI enzymes, inserted successively into the cloning vector pComb3x, and then recombinant vector transformed to TG1 bacteria to construct the Fab library. For determination insertion rate of Fab segment into cloning vector, plasmids of 12 clones of library were extracted and digested with SfiI. Length of amplified Fd and κ chains, were 650 - 750 bp. Primary library size was determined to contain 4.9×105 members out of which half of them contained the same size of Fab fragment. This result is comparable to some researchers and shows that this method could be appropriate tool for the production of human polyclonal Fab fragment antibodies  for management of poisonous snake bitted victims.