The Fauna and Active Season of Mosquitoes in West of Fars Province, Southwest of Iran

Document Type: Short Communication

Authors

1 Communicable Disease Unit, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Research Centre for Health Sciences, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Research Centre for Health Sciences, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

5 4Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

6 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

7 5Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Culicidae are highly important for public health as they can be vectors of diseases and are responsible for a wide spectrum of infections. Five collection sites were selected randomly with regards to existing facilities in Firouzabad County. For collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes, sampling was carried out by dipping technique for collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes. A total of 689 adults and 1313 larvae of Culicidae were collected, of which 3 genera and 6 species of Culicidae were recognized, namely, Anopheles superpictus, Anopheles d’thali, Culex sinaiticus, Culex theileri, Culex mimeticus, and Culiseta longiareolata. Cx. theileri was the most frequent Culicidae collected at Firouzabad, with a total of 613 and 247 larval and adult specimens, respectively. The highest number of mosquitoes was collected in June (31.1%) and the lowest in May (3.4%). The mean temperatures in June and May were 31.3˚C and 28.2˚C, respectively. We found some vectors that are of medical and veterinary importance; our results could be applied in vector control programs that aim at eradication or control of mosquitoes in this area.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [French]

La faune et la saison active des moustiques (Diptères: Culicidés) dans l'ouest de la province de Fars, sud-ouest de l'Iran

Abstract [French]

Les moustiques (Culicidés) sont les plus importants vecteurs de maladie parmi les arthropodes, ils sont responsables de nombreuses infections. cette étude a été réalisée entre les mois d’avril et septembre 2012. Cinq sites de collections ont été sélectionnés au hasard parmi les installations existantes dans la ville de Firouzabad. L'échantillonnage a été effectué à l’aide d’une technique de trempage pour la collecte des larves et « total catch » (total des captures) pour les moustiques adultes. Au total, 689 moustiques adultes et 1313 larves de Culicidés ont été recueillis, comprenant 3 genres et 6 espèces de Culcidés identifiés ; à savoir : Anopbutuperpictus, Anophelesdthali, Culexsitaiticus, Culextheileri, Culexmimeticus et Culisetalongiareolata. Cx. theileri était le moustique culicidé le plus fréquent à Firouzabad, avec un total de 613 et 247 spécimens de larves et de moustiques adultes respectivement collectés. Le nombre le plus élevé de moustiques a été recueilli en juin (31,1%) et le plus bas en mai (3,4%). Les températures moyennes durant les mois de juin et de mai étaient respectivement de 31,3°C et de 28,2 °C. Cette étude a démontré qu’il existaient parmi les moustiques collectés à Firouzabad, des vecteurs potentiels de maladies transmissibles à l’homme et à l’animal. Ces vecteurs sont plus actifs au cours des mois de juin et juillet.

Keywords [French]

  • Culicidés
  • Fréquence mensuelle
  • Fars
  • l'ouest de la province de Iran
Abai, M.R., Azari-Hamidian, S., Ladonni, H., Hakimi, M., Mashhadi-Esmail, K., Kousha, A., et al., 2007. Fauna and checklist of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of East Azerbaijan Province, northwestern Iran. J Arth Bor Dis 1, 27-33.

Azari-Hamidian, S., 2007. Checklist of Iranian mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vec Ecol 32, 235-242.

Azari-Hamidian, S., Harbach, R.E., 2009. Keys to the adult females and fourth-instar larvae of the mosquitoes of Iran (Diptera: Culicidae). Zootaxa 2078.

Azari-Hamidian, S., Yaghoobi-Ershadi, M.R., Javadian, E., Abai, M.R., Mobedi, I., Linton, Y.M., et al., 2009. Distribution and ecology of mosquitoes in a focus of dirofilariasis in northwestern Iran, with the first finding of filarial larvae in naturally infected local mosquitoes. Med Vet Entomol 23, 111-121.

Banafshi, O., Abai, M., Ladonni, H., Bakhshi, H., 2013. The fauna and ecology of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Iran. Turkish J Zool 37, 298-307.

Chinikar, S., Ghiasi, S.M., Moradi, M., Madihi, S.R., 2010. Laboratory detection facility of dengue fever (DF)in Iran: the first imported case. Int J Infect Dis 8, 13-15.

Edrissian, G.H., 2006. Malaria in Iran: Past and present situation. Iranian J Parasitol 1, 1-14.

Ghavami, M.B., Ladonni, H., 2005. The fauna and frequency of different mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) in Zanjan Province. J Zanjan Uni Med Sci 13, 46- 54.

Khosravani, M., Nasiri, Z., Keshavarz, D., Rafat-Panah, A., 2016. Epidemiological trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in two endemic focus of disease, south of Iran. J Parasit Dis 40, 1609-1613.

Ladonni, H., Azari-Hamidian, S., Alizadeh, M., Abai, M.R., Bakhshi, H., 2015. The fauna, habitats, and affinity indices of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in Central Iran. N West J Zool 11, 76-85.

Majnoonpour, M.R., Soleimani-Ahmadi, M., Poorahmad-Garbandi, F., 2015. Fauna and distribution of Anopheleline mosquitoes in Sirik county, Hormozgan province, 2014. hums-jpm 2, 29-35.

Manouchehri, A.V., Rohani, F., 1975. Notes on the ecology of Anopheles dthali Patton in Southern Iran. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 69, 393-397.

Moosa-Kazemi, S., Vatandoost, H., Nikookar, H., Fathian, M., 2009. Culicinae (Diptera: culicidae) mosquitoes in chabahar county, sistan and baluchistan province, southeastern iran. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis 3, 29-35.

Moosa-Kazemi, S., Zaim, M., Zahraii, A., 2000. Fauna and ecology of Culicidae of the Zarrin-Shahr and Mobarakeh area in Isfahan province. J Yasuj Uni Med Sci 5, 46–54.

Moosa-Kazemi, S.H., Zahirnia, A.H., Sharifi, F., Davari, B., 2015. The Fauna and Ecology of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Western Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis 9, 49-59.

Naficy, K., Saidi, S., 1970. Serological survey on viral antibodies in Iran. Trop Geogr Med 22, 183-188.

Oshaghi, M.A., Yaghoobi, F., Vatandoost, H., Abai, M.R., Akbarzadeh, K., 2006. Anopheles stephensibiological forms, geographical distribution and malaria transmission in malarious regions of Iran. Pakistan J Biol Sci 9, 294-298.

Raeisi, A., Gouya, M.M., Nadim, A., Ranjbar, M., Hasanzehi, A., Fallahnezhad, M., et al., 2013. Determination of Malaria Epidemiological Status in Iran's Malarious Areas as Baseline Information for Implementation of Malaria Elimination Program in Iran. Iran J Public Health 42, 326-333.

Reinert, J.F., 2009. List of abbreviations for currently valid generic-level taxa in family Culicidae (Diptera). Eu Mosquito Bull 27, 68-76.

Saidi, S., Tesh, R., Javadian, E., Nadim, A., 1976. The prevalence of human infection of West Nile in Iran. Iranian J Pub Health 5, 8–14.

Shahgudian, E.R., 1960. A key to the anophelines of Iran. Acta Med Iran 3, 38-48.

Shililu, J., Ghebremeskel, T., Mengistu, S., Fekadu, H., Zerom, M., Mbogo, C., et al., 2003. Distribution of anopheline mosquitoes in Eritrea. Am J Trop Med Hyg 69, 295-302.

WHO, 2014. World Malaria and Dengue Report.

Zaim, M., 1987. The distribution and larval habitat characteristics of Iranian Culicinae. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 3, 568-573.

Zaim, M., Manouchehri, A.V., Yaghoobi-Ershadi, M.R., 1985. Mosquito fauna of Iran. Iranian J Pub Health 13, 3-10.